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Evaluation of short-term and residual effects of Kinesio taping in chronic lateral epicondylitis: A randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial

  • Işıl Saadet Yenice Balevi
    Affiliations
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
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  • Belgin Karaoglan
    Affiliations
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
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  • Author Footnotes
    # Address: Selçuk University Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey, Department of Physical Medicine This study was performed in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Orthopedics and Traumatology clinics at the Gazi University Faculty of Medicine. The Ethics Committee of the University of Health Sciences, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Practice and Research Center (no:20/2017) approval was obtained.
    Elif Balevi Batur
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Selcuk University Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey, Tel.: +90 332 224 46 21; fax: +90 332 241 21 84.
    Footnotes
    # Address: Selçuk University Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey, Department of Physical Medicine This study was performed in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Orthopedics and Traumatology clinics at the Gazi University Faculty of Medicine. The Ethics Committee of the University of Health Sciences, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Practice and Research Center (no:20/2017) approval was obtained.
    Affiliations
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Selcuk University Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey
    Search for articles by this author
  • Nagihan Acet
    Affiliations
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    # Address: Selçuk University Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey, Department of Physical Medicine This study was performed in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Orthopedics and Traumatology clinics at the Gazi University Faculty of Medicine. The Ethics Committee of the University of Health Sciences, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Practice and Research Center (no:20/2017) approval was obtained.
Published:November 01, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jht.2021.09.001

      Hıghlıghts

      • The impact of Kinesio taping, especially on pain, may remain unchanged as a residual effect in the short term following treatment.
      • In the Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE), pain scores showed significant improvement in true taping group compared to the placebo taping group.
      • The pain reduction achieved by Kinesio taping has been helpful for adherence at the beginning of an exercise program.
      • The effects of Kinesio taping on muscle strength, quality of life, and function in chronic lateral epicondylitis are not superior to placebo.

      Abstract

      Background

      Lateral epicondylitis is degenerative tendinosis of the extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle and is the most common work/sports-related chronic musculoskeletal problem affecting the elbow.

      Purpose

      This study aimed to evaluate the short term and residual effectiveness of the Kinesio taping method on pain, grip force, quality of life, and functionality.

      Study Design

      Randomized, double-blinded, controlled study.

      Methods

      Subjects were 50 patients diagnosed with chronic unilateral lateral epicondylitis with a symptom duration of at least 12 weeks. During the first four weeks, the study group received a true inhibitor Kinesio taping while the control group received sham taping. In both groups, progressive stretching and strengthening exercises were given as a home program for six weeks. The primary outcome measure was the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) for self-report of pain intensity; secondary outcome measures were Cyriax resistive muscle test evaluation, maximal grip strength, Patient- Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE), and Short Form-36 (SF-36). After the treatment, patients were evaluated by the first assessor who was blinded to taping types.

      Results

      There was a significant decrease in NRS scores overtime during the first four weeks in both groups (P < .001,) and effect sizes were large. There was no significant difference in Cyriax muscle resistance test maximal grip strength between groups (P > .05). However, there was a significant improvement in muscle strength of elbow extension and pronation in the study group detected in the intragroup analysis. Intragroup comparisons also showed a significant improvement in all subunits of the PRTEE and SF-36 except energy/vitality, social functioning, and pain in both groups (P < .05) with moderate to high effect sizes. PRTEE pain scores were significantly decreased in the study group compared to the placebo group (P < .05, d = 0.48).

      Conclusion

      The effects of Kinesio taping on muscle strength, quality of life, and function in chronic lateral epicondylitis are not superior to placebo. However, NRS scores showed that in the two weeks after Kinesio taping treatment, pain reduction persisted as a residual effect which may improve the exercise adherence and functionality.

      Keywords

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