Scientific/Clinical Article| Volume 28, ISSUE 4, P412-420, October 2015

Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric testing of the Arabic version of the Patient-Rated Wrist Hand Evaluation (PRWHE-A) in Saudi Arabia



      The purposes of this study was to 1) perform a cross-cultural Arabic translation for the Patient-Rated Wrist and Hand Evaluation (PRWHE-A) using standardized guidelines and, 2) to test the psychometrics properties of the translated measure.


      A total of 48 patients with variety of hand disabilities, a mean age of 47 ± 16 years were recruited and assessed two times. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used for assessing test-retest reliability of the PRWHE-A and its subscales while Cronbach's alpha (CA) was used for assessing the internal consistency. Construct validity was assessed by examining the strength of the correlation between the PRWHE-A and the Arabic version of the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH-A).


      The PRWHE-A demonstrated excellent test-retest reliability (ICC= 0.97) and internal consistency (CA= 0.96). The DASH-A demonstrated moderately to low correlation (r= 0.64) with the PRWHE-A.


      The results of this study indicated that PRWHE-A is a reliable and valid assessment tool and can be used in patients with different wrist/hand disabilities whose primary language is Arabic.


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      JHT Read for Credit

      Quiz: #388

      Record your answers on the Return Answer Form found on the tear-out coupon at the back of this issue or to complete online and use a credit card, go to There is only one best answer for each question.
      • #1.
        The PRWHE-A is
        • a.
          an invention of the insurance industry
        • b.
          based on work originating in the European Union
        • c.
          a PRO
        • d.
          only for use in Saudi Arabia
      • #2.
        Reliability was assessed with
        • a.
          an ICC
        • b.
          a Pearson
        • c.
          a student T test
        • d.
          a regression line
      • #3.
        The construct validity was evaluated by comparing the PRWHE-A to the
        • a.
          Jebsen-Taylor Test
        • b.
          Michigan Hand Inventory-A
        • c.
        • d.
      • #4.
        The PRWHE-A was shown to be
        • a.
          neither reliable nor valid
        • b.
          reliable, but not valid
        • c.
          valid and reliable
        • d.
          valid, but not reliable
      • #5.
        The PRWHE-A is applicable to Farsi
        • a.
        • b.
      When submitting to the HTCC for re-certification, please batch your JHT RFC certificates in groups of 3 or more to get full credit.